Yuan Longping, father of hybrid rice, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and winner of the medal of the Republic, died in Changsha, Hunan Province at 13:07 on May 22 at the age of 91. Yuan Longping is a pioneer in the research and development of hybrid rice in China. He is also the first scientist in the world who successfully utilized the Heterosis of rice and is known as the "father of hybrid rice". Until the beginning of this year, he still insisted on carrying out scientific research in Hainan Sanya Nanfan base.
Yuan Longping died of multiple organ failure in Changsha at 13:07 on May 22, 2021 at the age of 91.
Yuan Longping is a pioneer in the research and development of hybrid rice in China. He is also the first scientist in the world who successfully utilized the Heterosis of rice. He is known as the "father of hybrid rice". He broke through the shackles of classical genetics and began to study hybrid rice in 1964, successfully breeding the world’s first practical High-yield Hybrid Rice Variety "Nanyou 2". The results of hybrid rice have been widely used in China since 1976, which greatly improved the yield per unit area and total yield of rice. For more than 20 years, he led the team to tackle key problems of super hybrid rice, and achieved the goals of 10.5 tons, 12 tons, 13.5 tons and 15 tons per hectare of large-scale demonstration in 2000, 2004, 2011 and 2014 respectively. The newly bred third-generation hybrid rice Sanyou No.1 will be planted as double cropping late rice in 2020, with an average yield of 911.7 kg / mu. In addition, the second-generation hybrid early rice will yield 619.06 kg / mu, with an annual yield of 1530.76 kg / mu, achieving the annual target of 3000 kg / mu.
Farewell to Academician Yuan Longping!